About Linen

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Linen is a textile made from the fibers of the flax plant, Linum usitatissimum.

?Linen textiles appear to be some of the oldest in the world: their history goes back many thousands of years. Fragments of straw, seeds, fibers, yarns, and various types of fabrics dating to about 8000 BC have been found in Swiss lake dwellings. Dyed flax fibers found in a prehistoric cave in Georgia suggest the use of woven linen fabrics from wild flax may date back even earlier to 36,000 BP. Linen was sometimes used as currency in ancient Egypt. Egyptian mummies were wrapped in linen as a symbol of light and purity, and as a display of wealth.?


 

Flax is grown in many parts of the world, but top quality flax is primarily grown in Western European countries and Ukraine. 
Most parts of the flax plant can serve our human needs. The oil extracted from linseed can be made into dye, paint, cosmetics, soap etc. The crushed linseed can also be made into flour, ointment or baked food. Linseed and linseed oil are particularly healthy foods: it contains lots of fatty acid, fibrin, vitamins and minerals. Most of these are necessities for the human body. 

The Properties of Linen:
Linen fabric feels cool to the touch. Linen fabrics have a high natural luster; 
Linen is a very durable, strong fabric, and one of the few that are stronger wet than dry. 

Linen should not be dried too much by tumble drying, and it is much easier to iron when damp.
A characteristic often associated with linen yarn is the presence of "slubs", or small knots which occur randomly along its length. 

Linen cloth has always been used in fine clothing due to its characteristics: nice handing, soft and yet strong fibers, durability, and ease of dying and washing. The remarkable moisture absorbing nature of linen fabric makes it the best choice in humid summer weather. Fine linen always looks beautiful and fashionable and gives incomparable comfort. Research shows that linen fabric is suitable for people with sensitive skin. Fine linen is used in many ways in high society as the linen fabrics possess natural style and can be dyed into multitude of colors and shades. Recent innovation allows designers multitude of opportunities to furthering the universe of linen products. 

Bed sheets, window screen, upholstery and ornamental drapery are just a few examples of the innumerable household goods made with linen. Linen fabric makes good wall decoration which creates a remarkable environment against heat & noise, it is also free from static electricity. Linen decoration today caters well to consumers' desire and feeling for freedom and generosity. 


 

Linen fabrics also have many commercial uses. Linen cloth is used as fine canvas for oil paintings by old masters in Europe for the past several hundred years. The linen fiber can be made into suture in surgery, or used in textile and paper making industries. Some by-products can be processed into paper pulp which is the material for fiber board and for security papers such as currency bills. Linen fiber is applied as an insulation material in the aviation industry. Some automobile manufacturers adopt linen fabric as strengthening and insulating material to protect engines.

In very recent years bulk linen production has moved to Eastern Europe and China, but high quality fabrics are still confined to niche producers in Ireland, Italy and Belgium, and also in countries including Poland, Austria, France, Germany, Sweden, Denmark, Lithuania, Latvia, the Netherlands, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, Britain and Kochi in India. High quality linen fabrics are now produced in the United States for the upholstery market.?

Textiles in a linen weave texture, even when made of cotton, hemp and other non-flax fibers, are also loosely referred to as "linen".




 

 

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